Wikipedia on Reverse Discrimination in the United States

In the United States of America, the term "reverse discrimination" has been used in past discussions of racial quotas or gender quotas for collegiate admission to government-run educational institutions. Such policies were held to be unconstitutional in the United States, while non-quota based methods, which may include race as a factor, including some affirmative action programs (race as a factor, ethnic minorities, and physical, mental, or learning disabilities) can be legal.

Nevertheless, some city governments still utilize racial quotas when awarding government contracts. The city of Chicago has mandated that all government construction contracts must award 25% of their value to minority owned businesses.

 The first United States Supreme Courtcase to challenge reverse discrimination is Regents of the University of California v. Bakke. In Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1[551 U.S. 701 (2007)], Chief Justice John Robertswrote in the majority opinion, "The way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discriminating on the basis of race."

In 2009, a group of firefighters in New Haven, Connecticutfiled suit against the city for reverse discrimination after promotion test results were thrown out because no African-American firefighters passed the test. Sixteen Caucasian and three Hispanic firefighters passed the test. The Roberts Court in Ricci v. DeStefanofound that disregarding the test results was unconstitutional.

Opponents of reverse discrimination view it as denial of equal protectionof the laws.

Retrieved 9/19/10 from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_discrimination